NAGALAND is a mountainous state in northern India bordering Myanmar. It’s home to diverse indigenous tribes with festivals and markets celebrating the different tribes and cultures of Nagaland.
The Nagaland state of India lies in the hills and mountains of the northeastern part of the country.
It is one of the smaller states of India bounded by the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh to the northeast, Manipur to the south, Assam to the west and northwest and the country of Myanmar to the east.
The state capital is Kohima located in the southern part of Nagaland the location of the region and its richness in biodiversity has become a place attraction for the tourism industry has become a place for tourist attraction encompassing hills misty mountain plains and plateaus the region has many cultural groups which can easily attract tourist from all over India.
It has experienced insurgency inter-ethnic conflict since 1950 and its economic development in Nagaland. If you want to experience the mountain and capture the misty foggy greenery. come to Nagaland for an Experience of thrill biking and motioning.
HISTORY OF NAGALAND
Nagaland has no early written history although medieval chronicles of the neighboring Ahom kingdom of Assam of the Naga tribes, their economy, and their customs. The 1816 invasion of Assam by Burmanis from Myanmar led to oppression. Burman ruled from 1819 until the establishment of British rule over Assam in 1826. In 1957 after an agreement was reached between Naga leaders and the Indian government the Naga hills region of Assam Nagaland achieved statehood 1963.
Democratically elected and the government took office in 1964. Rebel activity assumes the form brands more by tribal rivalry by political aspiration. The National socialist Council of Nagaland, a powerful pro-separatist extremist group was formed in 1980.
The dominant faction negotiated a ceasefire with the Indian government. The business of the committees is conducted according to the rules and procedures of Nagaland.
GEOGRAPHY OF NAGALAND
The Nagaland state of India lies in the hills and mountains of the northeastern part of the country. it is one of the smaller states of India Nagaland is bounded by the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh to the northeast Manipur to the south and south and Assam to the west to the country Myanmar to the located in the southern part of the state capital is Kohima located in the southern part of Nagaland nearly all the of Nagaland the naga hills rise abruptly from the Brahmaputra Nagaland is largely a mountainous state. the Brahmaputra valley in Assam. To about 610 meters and rise further to the southeast as high 1800 meter mount saramati is the highest peak of Nagaland where the naga hill merges with patkai range with boundary with Burma. rivers such as the doyang and diplu to the north.
The evergreen tropical subtropical forest is found in strategic pockets in the state.
FAMOUS TOURIST PLACE IN NAGALAND
If you want an immaculate nature view and a tranquil nature view and an abode to appreciate it then Nagaland referred to as the wild east is a place you should be laden with scintillating valleys and hills Nagaland hand you a mirror to witness the tribal culture that prevails here a state known for its green lush beauty indulge a sightseeing trip to Nagaland.
In a lockdown, you are busy with online classes and work from home. In your busy schedule take a dip in natural views, indulge in trekking or hiking, or kwon the culture of Nagaland famous for the tourist places where you can do the family trip and friends trip workstation also. Nagaland offers a fascinating range of great places, traditional villages and ideal weather for travel.
WILDLIFE OF NAGALAND (FLORA AND FAUNA)
All the wildlife reserves of Nagaland the famous national park is ntangki national park intanki Wildlife Sanctuary. Spread over202.02sqkm. Ntangki National park is home to species like hoolocks gibbon, palm civets, sloth bears, wild dogs, golden langur, tiger, python, flying squirrel, monitor lizard.
Ntinga or Intanki National park is an elegant destination for trekking and sightseeing of green lush mountain Views.
Semitropics on the variety of the wildlife attraction such as sloth bear is famous in Nagaland environment. In Intanki National park you find different flowers in Nagaland’s misty environment. Mahogany, palms, rattan bamboo flower, khasiya pinus,caribaea, Rubia, cordifolia, macroporous, Frangipani, aquaria.
Mammals found in Nagaland tiger, Mithun, barking deer muntjac, blue-white buffaloes, sloth bear Palms, civets, pangolins, big trunk elephant.
Nagaland is a state endowed with rich flora fauna it is home to perfect flora fauna the state has many of its wildlife species.
CUISINE FOOD AND TASTE OF NAGALAND
It is located in very northeastern India is a state just north of Myanmar and just south and China and Bhutan. There are sixteen main tribes in it yet unique traditional practices while food from each tribe overlaps are especially known from a certain tribe they only eat rice and pork.
Chicken, dog beef, pig pork, insect chutney, and famous chili sauces are essential in it.
The only vegetarian dish is momos and soup noodles. In Nagaland, momos are served by a unique nickname called ‘’ mandu’’ hot steamed momos.
There is a good food culture. There are no street vendors, you have to eat food in your friends and relatives’ homes.
Naga food tends to be spicy and there are many different varieties of chilies and capsicum found in Nagaland the ginger used in every naga cuisine is spicy aromatic for the perfect taste match of meat fish chicken pork.
Smoked pork strew
A conventional Naga kitchen is located not inside but outside the dwelling. The most essential culinary component, that is, fire is kept outside. The Nagas have the practice of slowly drying pieces of meat and smoking those high above the flame. The meats need to go through this process for a couple of weeks before they are ready to be consumed. Smoked pork stew is prepared by using long-dried pork meat. The most interesting part of this food item is that the meats are crispy externally but intensely smoked inside. It tastes as good as plain smoked meat. This pork stew is a great accompaniment with rice.
Pork with dried bamboo shoots
Fermented bamboo shoots are commonly used in the Naga cuisines. One such favorite preparation of the Nagas is the dried bamboo shoots cooked with pork. It is a thrilling experience to taste this delicious concoction of bamboo shoots and pork. Huge chunks of pork meat are used in the preparation. The fatty cubes of the meats cooked with dried bamboo shoots would make you yearn for more! A copious amount of chilies is used in making this dish. The exotic aroma of the food comes from the bamboo shoot and the flavor that is produced is simply irresistible.
Bitter melon is one of the favorites of the Nagas. They like to boil the bitter melons and incorporate interesting seasonings before serving them.
Bamboo steamed fish
Another interesting cuisine is the bamboo steamed fish where the fish is stuffed into a bamboo’s hollow tube along with some spices. Then this bamboo tube is placed in the ash and thereby cooked. Once the cooking is done, the Nagas empty the bamboo tubes and take out the cooked stuff from inside. The flavor of bamboo makes the dish unique. Here too, chilies are used for making the dish tastier.
Best time to travel Nagaland
Nagaland consists of mountains and rivers that dictate its climatic conditions. The state sees high rainfall and humidity throughout all seasons and summers are cooler than the rest of India. Its high altitude is the perfect summertime to visit Nagaland.
- Nagaland in summer (March to May)
- Nagaland in monsoon (May to September)
- Nagaland in winter (October to March)
Climate of Nagaland
Nagaland has a monsoonal climate and annual rainfall averages climates. Annual rainfall averages between 70 to100 inches rainfall are considered in the month of the southwest monsoon with greater elevation summer temperature range from the low with greater elevation. In the winter the breeze flows and the freezing human body in winter humidity level is very high in Nagaland.
Tribes and culture of Nagaland
The word Naga is not indigenous to the present Naga people. In other words, it is given by Shan/Ahom people as per available authentic documents like the word ‘Hindu’ was given by Persian. Similarly, the word ‘China’ was given by an Indian. The naked Nagas ( Konyak Nagas) by Christopher Von Haimendorf and Kacha Nagas (Zeliang Nagas) is a corrupted form of Angami language for Ketsa (forest) people for Zeliang Nagas by outsiders on inquiry from Angamis have created huge confusion and misunderstanding among the Nagas and non-Nagas till today due to ignorance and prejudice.
The tribe is believed to have lived in perfect harmony with wild animals in ancient years. The tribe’s beliefs state that before man became too self-aware of his existence, he lived with the other animals and creatures and could even communicate with them. A folk tale that is narrated is of a man dancing with a tiger at Molo Damshang. However, with time man became increasingly self-aware and parted away from the other creatures, thereby giving up his ability to communicate with them too.
Their major festival is the Naknyu Lem in which they remain in darkness inside their homes for 6 days only to step out and celebrate the light on the seventh day. The celebration involves dances, sports, and even sacrifice.
The tribe occupies the Dikhu (Tsula) valley region of the Mokokchung district. The tribe believes in the afterlife. They celebrate two major festivals, Tsungremong which is celebrated for harvesting, and the Moatsu festival which is celebrated to honor Lichaba whom they regard as the creator of the Earth.
A tale narrated in the tribe is of Champichanglangba who married the daughter of the above-named God Lichaba. Champichanglangba was set to possess magical powers which Lichaba himself sought to put to test but his son-in-law proved to be quite the wizard. Lichaba is said to have plotted to kill him. The nearby Ahom kingdom also called him to their court to witness his powers. Champichanglangba was wounded which weakened his powers, so he hid. Eventually, he is believed to have flown into the sky and turned into a polestar.
Today, they practice agriculture and have remained relatively more traditional in comparison to the other tribes. They also indulge in pottery, spinning, and bamboo work. The tribe practices a form of dressing that is reflective of their social standing.
They were the former Eastern Angami and separated from the Angami to become an independent tribe.
Spread out across Nagaland, Manipur, and Assam, this tribe is homogenous as their settlements typically have only one tribe in the area. The Hega festival is greatly celebrated by the tribe.
It has a rich diversity of ethnic groups and languages religious climates and different greetings and Performing cultures. It is home to some 16 different kinds of tribes with a distinct and fascinating culture. More than 80% of them live in small isolated villages with clean and perfect drainage systems. The nagas and their tribe perform their festivals and traditions like,
Hornbill festival, pork eating fest, sword festival, and jewelry festival.
Nagaland belongs to the indo Mongolian breed, Nagaland is famous for its music and dance theme. The dressing sense of Nagaland is shawl langot and their tribal skirts for both men and women. Jewelry is the most important part of their dressing. Handicraft is also famous for Nagaland like
- Basket making
- Wooden craft
Terracotta and ribbon jewelry. And you know what the famous song of jab we met is also shoot in Nagaland the song name was’’ yeh Ishq haaye baithe bithaye Jannat dikhaye ha’’